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Papers of Ernest Emil Darwin Simon, 1st Baron Simon of Wythenshawe (1879-1960)
Papers of Ernest Emil Darwin Simon, 1st Baron Simon of Wythenshawe (1879-1960)
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Papers and correspondence of Ernest Emil Darwin Simon, 1st Baron Simon of Wythenshawe, industrialist and politician, containing:Files relating to universities (excluding Manchester University) c1938-c1956; files relating to Manchester University c1932-c1960; files relating to university research 1943-1947; files relating to proposed university book c1932-c1958; files relating to University Quarterly 1946-1959; files relating to BBC c1947-c1952; files relating to nationalised boards, undated; files relating to nuclear disarmament c1957-c1960; files relating to planning c1937-c1941; files relating to USA containing mainly correspondence and notes c1932-c1959; personal files c1926-c1949; papers relating to Broomcroft, Didsbury; 18 boxes of personal interview files, undated; notebooks c1932-c1960; miscellaneous files c1918-c1960; files relating to democracy c1935- 1939Related Material:See also Papers Of Lady Simon Of Wythenshawe (M14)Place:Manchester/Manchester/Manchester/Lancashire/England/Wythenshawe/Baguley/Bowden/Cheshire/England/Didsbury/Manchester/Lancashire/England
Papers of Ernest Emil Darwin Simon, 1st Baron Simon of Wythenshawe (1879-1960)
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Ernest Emil Darwin Simon, 1st Baron Simon of Wythenshawe (9 October 1879 - 3 October 1960) was an industrialist and politician. Born in Didsbury, Manchester, Simon was educated at Rugby School and at Pembroke College, Cambridge. He later entered the family's engineering business on the death of his father Henry Gustav Simon. He successfully expanded the company into building grain silos, and the wealth generated by the business allowed him both to enter politics and to become a generous philanthropist. He served as a member of the Manchester City Council from 1912 to 1925, and as Lord Mayor of Manchester in 1921-1922. He is chiefly remembered for the slum clearances and housing projects he initiated in the city, notably the Wythenshawe estate. Simon also sat as a Liberal Member of Parliament for Manchester Withington from 1923-24 and from 1929-1931, and was knighted in 1932. He joined the Labour Party in 1946, and in 1947 he was made a peer and appointed chairman of the BBC Board of governors. In 1912 he married Shena Dorothy Potter (1883-1972), herself a noted social reformer. They had two sons and a daughter who died in childhood. Their elder son was Roger Simon, a solicitor and one of the founders of CND, while their younger son was the educationist and historian Brian Simon.
Received in 1961. Additional deposit in February 1979 by Mrs B Simon of Leicester. Additional deposit on 3 September 1987 by Professor Brian Simon.
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